Psoriasis is a recurring, chronic skin condition that affects around 2.2% of the total population. (NICE, Clinical knowledge summary, 2104) Currently, there is no known cure and it is believed to have a genetic predisposition. This chronic inflammatory autoimmune skin disease typically causes patches of skin that are dry, red and covered in silver scales. It is a lifelong condition which can cause soreness, itching and pain. There are many types of psoriasis and each case can vary from patient to patient and also can come and go in cycles.
What causes it?
While scientists do not know what exactly causes psoriasis, we do know that the immune system and genetics play major roles in its development. Usually, something triggers psoriasis to flare for example changes in your life such as stress or infections. The skin cells in people with psoriasis grow at an abnormally fast rate and become overactive. Normally, skin cells take between 21 to 28 days to replace themselves. In psoriasis sufferers they take around 2 to 6 days to regenerate, leading to an accumulation of both dead and live cells on the skin’s surface. These build-up to form inflamed, crusty patches on your skin, which causes the build-up of psoriasis lesions.
Who gets it?
Psoriasis affects between around 1.8 million in the UK. Anyone can get it, but it’s important to remember that no-one will catch it from being in contact with you. Psoriasis most often develops in adults under 35 years, but can develop in a later stage in life as well. Psoriasis affects men and women equally and also occurs in all racial groups, but at varying rates. Prevalence of psoriasis in white people is estimated to be 2.5% and in African-American people, 1.3%. It can occur on any part of the body although it is most commonly found on the elbows, knees, lower back and the scalp.
What can I do about it?
Firstly, speak to your GP to get your condition diagnosed. You can then start to look at the right treatments for you. Exorex have created a range of lotions, moisturisers and shampoos, which are suitable for ALL the differing types of psoriasis and can even be used in sensitive areas if diluted. They can help you feel better, take control of your condition and get on with your life. Please check with your pharmacist or health care professional and ensure you are using the correct product for your symptoms.